This issue brief from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation examines the current evidence linking neighborhoods and health, and reviews promising programs and interventions.
These factsheets provide overviews of the evidence on health and health-care issues that are important in low-income communities.
This toolkit describes 21 evidence-based recommendations for improving health via the built environment.
This short report reviews selected research on how physical, service, and social conditions in a community can influence health, for better or worse.
A large body of research has linked neighborhood conditions with health, including physical conditions, available services, and social conditions. Extensive research shows that low-income and minority neighborhoods are more likely to experience harmful conditions and to lack health-promoting conditions. Although children may be particularly vulnerable to the health effects of living in a disadvantaged place, health effects can extend into adulthood. A sampling of research-based evidence is included.
George Galster, an expert on neighborhoods and urban planning, describes the various neighborhood factors researchers believe influence health, and how. He notes that a consensus is emerging that four neighborhood factors—social cohesion, social control, spatial mismatch, and environmental hazards—have the strongest effects on personal outcomes.
This issue brief from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation examines the current evidence linking neighborhoods and health. It also reviews promising programs and interventions to make neighborhoods healthier places to live, learn, work, and play.
Just as conditions within our homes have important implications for our health, conditions in the neighborhoods surrounding our homes also can have major health effects. It explores the following questions:
• How can neighborhoods affect health?
• Are features of places really that important for health—or should we focus primarily on the individuals who live in them?
• Do all Americans have the opportunity to live in a healthy neighborhood?
• Could public and private policies improve neighborhoods in ways likely to improve America’s health?
The report provides examples of public, private, and joint public-private initiatives intended to make neighborhoods healthier.
Also included in this RWJF series are similar short reports on how housing, violence and social disadvantage, race and socioeconomic factors, income and wealth, education, and early childhood experiences affect health.
These two-page fact sheets provide overviews of the evidence on health and health-care issues that are important in low-income communities.
The report offers 21 “gold star” recommendations for promoting health in buildings and development projects.
The recommendations cover:
A list of practical implementation strategies and best practices, grouped according to their available evidence base, supports each of the recommendations.
The recommendations and strategies are ranked by: